Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Through prior gifts of the of the American Friends of China, Mrs. William Bloom, Mrs. John Alden Carpenter, Polly Root Collier, W. Everett Fox, Newton S. Noble, Jr., and Russell Tyson
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