Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
G. Ronald and Evelyn Nish Fund—in memory of Ruth S. Demme, Simeon B. Williams Fund, Bertha Evans Brown Fund, Estate of Alice Feffer, Ada Turnbull Hertle Fund, Alyce and Edwin DeCosta and the Walter E. Heller Foundation Fund, Estate of Laura T. Magnuson, Major Acquisitions Centennial Fund
The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.