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Crucifixion

A work made of oil on panel.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of oil on panel.

Date:

1646

Artist:

María Josefa Sánchez
Spanish, active 1639-1649

About this artwork

This fine example of a small cross made for individual worship is also exceptional because it is signed by a woman artist, María Josefa Sánchez. Sánchez was active from 1639 to 1649, probably in Castile, but little else is known about her. Women rarely worked as professional artists in 17th-century Spain; those few who did usually trained in the workshops of their fathers. Some women artists of the period, Sánchez included, may have been nuns who produced devotional works for monastic communities.

Here the body of Jesus is gracefully posed in contrast to his agonized expression, with carefully depicted drops of blood spilling from his hands and feet. The glowing orbs near his hands represent the sun and the moon, a reference to the darkness of the eclipse at the moment of his death. Unusually for Crucifixion scenes, Sánchez included the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, identified by the celestial symbols that surround her, at Christ’s feet.

Status

Currently Off View

Department

Painting and Sculpture of Europe

Artist

María Josefa Sánchez

Title

Crucifixion

Origin

Spain

Date

1646

Medium

Oil on panel

Dimensions

63 × 39 cm (24 13/16 × 15 3/8 in.)

Credit Line

C. Harker and Mae Svoboda Rhodes Acquisition Fund

Reference Number

2018.52

IIIF Manifest  The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.

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https://api.artic.edu/api/v1/artworks/242449/manifest.json

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.

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