Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Through prior gift of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel M. Nickerson; Gregory L. Boshart and William R. Lawrence Fund; Bessie Bennett and Atlan Ceramic Club endowment funds; through prior bequest of Frederick S. Colburn; through prior gift of Mr. Robert J. Dunham and Mrs. Edgar Bibas; through prior purchased with funds provided by of Josephine P. Albright in memory of Alice H. Patterson; through prior gift of Emma B. Hodge and Mrs. Jene E. Bell; through prior bequest of Caryl Johnson Estate; through prior gift of Mr. Eugene D. Buchanan, Mrs. Herbert L. Stern, D. K. Watson, and The Winfield Foundation
The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.