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Professor José Martínez Ramírez, from In the Name of Christ

A work made of lithograph in black on ivory wove paper.
© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / SOMAAP, Mexico City

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  • A work made of lithograph in black on ivory wove paper.

Date:

1939

Artist:

Leopoldo Méndez
Mexican, 1902-1969

About this artwork

Méndez’s portfolio In the Name of Christ addresses the Cristero revolts, an antisecular and counterrevolutionary movement led by Catholic peasants that began in 1926 and lasted into the 1940s. The uprising was sparked by a struggle for political power between the Mexican Catholic Church and the postrevolutionary, anticlerical government of President Plutarco Elías Calles. In his print series, Méndez focused on the Cristero murders of more than 200 teachers during the 1930s, the reactionary Catholics’ attack on the secularized rural educational system instituted by the Cárdenas administration. The brutality of the murders is evident in each of these scenes, from the direct, somber depiction of the hanging of José Martínez Ramírez to the senseless violence of the machete attack on Arnulfo Sosa Portillo, who dramatically falls back toward the viewer.

Español:
El portafolio de Méndez En nombre de Cristo aborda la revuelta de los cristeros, un movimiento contrarrevolucionario y antisecular dirigido por campesinos católicos que se inició en 1926 y duró hasta la década de 1940. El levantamiento tuvo su origen en la lucha por el poder político entre la Iglesia Católica mexicana y el gobierno posrevolucionario y anticlerical del presidente Plutarco Elías Calles. En su serie de grabados, Méndez se enfoca en los asesinatos perpetrados por los cristeros de más de 200 maestros durante los años de 1930. Se trató de un ataque reaccionario de los católicos al sistema de educación rural secularizado instituído por el gobierno de Cárdenas. La brutalidad de los asesinatos se hace evidente en cada una de las escenas, desde la representación directa y sombría del ahorcamiento de José Martínez Ramírez, hasta la violencia sin sentido del ataque con machetes sobre Arnulfo Sosa Portillo, quien dramáticamente cae hacia el espectador.

Status

Currently Off View

Department

Prints and Drawings

Artist

Leopoldo Méndez

Title

Professor José Martínez Ramírez, from In the Name of Christ

Origin

México

Date

1939

Medium

Lithograph in black on ivory wove paper

Dimensions

303 × 210 mm (image); 499 × 404 mm (sheet)

Credit Line

William McCallin McKee Memorial Endowment

Reference Number

1944.808

Copyright

© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / SOMAAP, Mexico City

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.

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