Portrait Head of Emperor Hadrian

A work made of marble.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of marble.

Date:

AD 130/138

Artist:

Roman

About this artwork

Of all the Roman emperors, Hadrian (r. a.d. 117–38) is the one whose portrait is most frequently found, all across the empire from Britain to Persia, from Asia Minor to Egypt. Furthermore, among all his portraits, few equal this likeness in conveying the complex character of the emperor who inherited the Roman world at its greatest extent from his fellow Spaniard Trajan (r. a.d. 98–117). Hadrian traveled widely, visiting most of the provinces during the twenty years of his reign, and commissioned buildings, aqueducts, and roads in many cities. Citizens responded to Hadrian’s generosity by erecting numerous statues in his honor, and after his death they revered him as a god.

Hadrian greatly admired the Greeks. Unlike previous emperors, who were cleanshaven, Hadrian wore a beard, perhaps in emulation of the Greek philosophers whom he so revered. Here Hadrian’s closely cropped beard contrasts with the thick, luxurious curls that frame his face. This sculpture also features an innovative trend in Roman portraiture: the artist carefully sculpted the irises and pupils of the eyes rather than rendering them in paint as was conventional.

On View

Ancient and Byzantine Art, Gallery 152

Culture

Ancient Roman

Title

Portrait Head of Emperor Hadrian

Origin

Italy

Date

130 AD–200 AD

Medium

Marble

Dimensions

36 × 27.5 × 27.3 cm (14 1/4 × 10 7/8 × 10 3/4 in.)

Credit Line

Katherine K. Adler Memorial Fund

Reference Number

1979.350

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email .

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